Effective: September 1, 2013
Updated: April 21, 2020
Notice of Privacy Practices


This Notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed and how you can get access to this information. Please review it carefully. If you have any questions please contact our office.

​​​​​​​We are required by law to:

  • Maintain the privacy of your protected health information;

  • Give you this notice of our duties and privacy practices regarding health information about you;

  • Follow the terms of our notice that is currently in effect.


Described as follows are the ways we may use and disclose health information that identifies you (Health Information, or PHI). Except for the following purposes, we will use and disclose Health Information only with your written permission. You may revoke such permission at any time by writing to us and stating that you wish to revoke permission you previously gave us.

Treatment. We may use and disclose Health Information for your treatment and provide you with treatment-related health care services. For example, we may disclose Health Information to doctors, nurses, technicians, or other personnel, including people outside our office, who are involved in your medical care and need the information to provide you with medical care.

Payment. We may use and disclose Health Information so that we may bill and receive payment from you, an insurance company, or a third party for the treatment and services you received. For example, we may give your health plan information so that they will pay for your treatment. However, if you pay for your services yourself (e.g. out-of-pocket and without any third party contribution or billing), we will not disclose Health Information to a health plan if you instruct us to not do so.

Health Care Operations. We may use and disclose Health Information for health care operation purposes. These uses and disclosures are necessary to make sure that all of our patients receive quality care and to operate and manage our office. For example, we may use and disclose information to make sure the care you receive is of the highest quality. Subject to the exception above if you pay for your care yourself, we also may share information with other entities that have a relationship with you (for example, your health plan) for their health care operations.

Appointment Reminders, Treatment Alternatives, and Health-Related Benefits and Services. We may use and disclose Health Information to contact you and to remind you that you have an appointment with us. We also may use and disclose Health Information to tell you about treatment alternatives or health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you. We will not, however, send you communications about health-related or non-health-related products or services that are subsidized by a third party without your authorization.

Individuals Involved in Your Care or Payment for Your Care. When appropriate, we may share Health Information with a person who is involved in your medical care or payment for your care, such as your family or a close friend. We also may notify your family about your location or general condition or disclose such information to an entity assisting in a disaster relief effort.

Research. Under certain circumstances, we may use and disclose Health Information for research. For example, a research project may involve comparing the health of patients who received one treatment to those who received another, for the same condition. Before we use or disclose Health Information for research, the project will go through an approval process. Even without approval, we may permit researchers to look at records to help them identify patients who may be included in their research project or for other similar purposes, as long as they do not remove or take a copy of any Health Information.

Fundraising and Marketing. Health Information may be used for fundraising communications, but you have the right to opt-out of receiving such communications. Except for the exceptions detailed above, uses and disclosures of Health Information for marketing purposes, as well as to disclosures that constitute a sale of Health Information, require your authorization if we receive any financial remuneration from a third party in exchange for making the communication, and we must advise you that we are receiving remuneration.

​​​​​​​Other Uses. Other uses and disclosures of Health Information not contained in this Notice may be made only with your authorization.


As Required by Law. We will disclose Health Information when required to do so by federal, state or local law.

To Avert a Serious Threat to Health or Safety. We may use and disclose Health Information when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Disclosures, however, will be made only to someone who may help prevent the threat.

Business Associates. We may disclose Health Information to our business associates that perform functions on our behalf or provide us with services if the information is necessary for such functions or services. For example, we may use another company to perform billing services on our behalf. All of our business associates are obligated to protect the privacy of your information and are not allowed to use or disclose any information other than as specified in our contract.

Organ and Tissue Donation. If you are an organ donor, we may use or release Health Information to organizations that handle organ procurement or other entities engaged in procurement; banking or transportation of organs, eyes, or tissues to facilitate organ, eye or tissue donation; and transplantation.

Military and Veterans. If you are a member of the armed forces, we may release Health Information as required by military command authorities. We also may release Health Information to the appropriate foreign military authority if you are a member of a foreign military.

Workers' Compensation. We may release Health Information for workers' compensation or similar programs. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness.

Public Health Risks. We may disclose Health Information for public health activities. These activities generally include disclosures to prevent or control disease, injury or disability; report births and deaths; report child abuse or neglect; report reactions to medications or problems with products; notify people of recalls of products they may be using; a person who may have been exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition; and the appropriate government authority if we believe a patient has been the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. We will only make this disclosure if you agree or when required or authorized by law.

Health Oversight Activities. We may disclose Health Information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections, and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs, and compliance with civil rights laws.

​​​​​​​Lawsuits. If you are involved in a lawsuit or a dispute, we may disclose Health Information in response to a court or administrative order. We also may disclose Health Information in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful processes by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to tell you about the request or to obtain an order protecting the information requested.

Law Enforcement. We may release Health Information if asked by a law enforcement official if the information is:

  1. In response to a court order, subpoena, warrant, summons or similar process;

  2. Limited information to identify or locate a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person;

  3. About the victim of a crime even if, under certain very limited circumstances, we are unable to obtain the person's agreement;

  4. About a death we believe may be the result of criminal conduct;

  5. About criminal conduct on our premises; and

  6. In an emergency to report a crime, the location of the crime or victims, or the identity, description or location of the person who committed the crime.

Coroners, Medical Examiners, and Funeral Directors. We may release Health Information to a coroner or medical examiner. This may be necessary, for example, to identify a deceased person or determine the cause of death. We also may release Health Information to funeral directors as necessary for their duties.

National Security and Intelligence Activities. We may release Health Information to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counter-intelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law.

Protective Services for the President and Others. We may disclose Health Information to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President, other authorized persons, or foreign heads of state, or to conduct special investigations.

​​​​​​​Inmates or Individuals in Custody. If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release Health Information to the correctional institution or law enforcement official.

This release would be if necessary:

  1. For the institution to provide you with health care;

  2. To protect your health and safety or the health and safety of others; or

  3. The safety and security of the correctional institution.


You have the following rights regarding Health Information we have about you:

  • Right to Inspect and Copy. You have a right to inspect and copy Health Information that may be used to make decisions about your care or payment for your care. This includes medical and billing records, other than psychotherapy notes. To inspect and copy this Health Information, you must make your request, in writing, to our office.

  • Right to Amend. If you feel that Health Information we have is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept by or for our office. To request an amendment, you must make your request, in writing, to our office.

  • Right to an Accounting of Disclosures. You have the right to request a list of certain disclosures we made of Health Information for purposes other than treatment, payment, and health care operations or for which you provided written authorization.

  • To request an accounting of disclosures, you must make your request, in writing, to our office.

  • Right to Request Restrictions. You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the Health Information we use or disclose for treatment, payment, or health care operations. You also have the right to request a limit on the Health Information we disclose to someone involved in your care or the payment for your care, like a family member or friend. For example, you could ask that we not share information about a particular diagnosis or treatment with your spouse. To request a restriction, you must make your request, in writing, to our office. We are not required to agree to all such requests. If we agree, we will comply with your request unless the information is needed to provide you with emergency treatment.

  • Right to Request Confidential Communication. You have the right to request that we communicate with you about medical matters in a certain way or at a certain location. For example, you can ask that we only contact you by mail or at work. To request confidential communication, you must make your request, in writing, to our office. Your request must specify how or where you wish to be contacted. We will accommodate reasonable requests.

  • Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice. You have the right to a paper copy of this notice. You may ask us to give you a copy of this notice at any time. Even if you have agreed to receive this notice electronically, you are still entitled to a paper copy of this notice. You may obtain a copy of this notice at our web site,www.eyecarenorth.com.

  • To obtain a paper copy of this notice please request it in writing.

  • Right to Electronic Records. You have the right to receive a copy of your electronic health records in electronic form.

  • Right to Breach Notification. You have the right to be notified if there is a Breach of privacy such that your Health Information is disclosed or used improperly or in an unsecured way.


The HIPAA HITECH Act allows you to ask Eye Care North to send your personal protected health information using your personal email address. This includes prescriptions, test results and/or any portion of your medical record and history. Please tell us if you prefer this option. You will be asked to sign a brief statement that specifies the date(s) of service that you want information sent to you. Eye Care North will send you a “test email” first to ensure that we have the correct email address. Please respond to this initial email once you have received it.

​​​​​​​The HIPAA HITECH Act allows you to pay for your services out of pocket and request that we NOT bill your insurance. Please tell us if you prefer this option. You will be asked to sign a brief statement that specifies the date of service that you do not want to be sent to your insurance company. Payment in full out of pocket is required at the time of service.

Authorization to Send and Receive Medical Information by Email/Text:

RISKS: Transmitting information by e-mail/text, however, has a number of risks that patients should consider before using e-mail/text (the “Risks”). These include, but are not limited to, the following Risks:

  • E-mail/text can be circulated, forwarded, and stored in numerous paper and electronic files.
  • E-mail/text can be immediately broadcast worldwide and be received by many intended and unintended recipients.
  • E-mail/text senders can easily misaddress an e-mail or text.
  • E-mail/text is easier to falsify than handwritten or signed documents.
  • Backup copies of e-mail/text may exist even after the sender or the recipient has deleted his or her copy.
  • Employers and on-line services have a right to archive and inspect e-mails/texts transmitted through their systems.
  • E-mail/text can be intercepted, altered, forwarded, or used without authorization or detection.
  • E-mail/text can be used to introduce viruses into computer systems.
  • E-mail/text can be used as evidence in court.

CONDITIONS: Because of the Risks outlined above, Eye Care North cannot guarantee the security and confidentiality of e-mail/text communication, and will not be liable for improper use and/or disclosure of confidential information that is not caused by the the office's intentional misconduct. Thus, patients must consent to the use of e-mail/text for patient information. Consent to the use of e-mail/text includes agreement with the following conditions:

  • All e-mails/texts to or from the patient concerning diagnosis or treatment will be saved as part of the medical record. Because they are a part of the medical record, other individuals authorized to access the medical record, such as staff and billing personnel, will have access to those e-mails/texts.
  • Eye Care North may forward e-mails internally to the office's staff and agents as necessary for diagnosis, treatment, reimbursement, and other handling. The office will not, however, forward e-mail to independent third parties without the patient’s prior written consent, except as authorized or required by law.
  • Although Eye Care North will endeavor to read and respond promptly to an e-mail/text from the patient, the office cannot guarantee that any particular e-mail/text will be read and responded to within any particular period of time. Thus, the patient shall not use e-mail/text for medical emergencies or other time-sensitive matters.
  • If the patient’s e-mail/text requires or invites a response from Eye Care North, and the patient has not received a response within a reasonable time period, it is the patient’s responsibility to follow up to determine whether the intended recipient received the e-mail/text and when the recipient will respond.
  • The patient should not use e-mail/text for communication regarding sensitive medical information, such as information regarding sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS/HIV, mental health, developmental disability, or substance abuse.
  • The patient is responsible for informing Eye Care North of any types of information the patient does not want to be sent by e-mail/text, in addition to those set out in the preceding paragraph.
  • The patient is responsible for protecting his/her password or other means of access to e-mail/text.
  • The Eye Care North is not liable for breaches of confidentiality caused by the patient or any third party.
  • The Eye Care Nroth shall not engage in e-mail/text communication that is unlawful, such as unlawfully practicing medicine across state lines.
  • It is the patient’s responsibility to follow up and/or schedule an appointment if warranted.

INSTRUCTIONS: To communicate by e-mail/text, the patient shall:

  • Limit or avoid use of his/her employer’s computer.
  • Inform Eye Care North of changes in his/her e-mail address or text number.
  • Put the patient’s name in the body of the e-mail/text.
  • Include the category of the communication in the e-mail’s subject line or body of a text message, for routing purposes (e.g., billing question).
  • Review the e-mail/text to make sure it is clear and that all relevant information is provided before sending to the Eye Care North.
  • Inform Eye Care North that the patient received an e-mail/text from the office.
  • Take precautions to preserve the confidentiality of e-mails/texts, such as using screen savers and safeguarding his/her computer password.
  • Withdraw consent only by e-mail or written communication to the Practice.
  • Contact the Eye Care North's Privacy Official at 480-361-7040 with any unanswered questions before communicating with the office via e-mail or text message.


We reserve the right to change this notice and make the new notice apply to Health Information we already have as well as any information we receive in the future. We will post a copy of our current notice at our office. The notice will contain the effective date on the first page, in the top right-hand corner.


If you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with our office or with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. All complaints must be made in writing. You will not be penalized for filing a complaint.

Privacy Contact Officer:

Tabatha Huggins

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